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Puppy Information—continued
The average Biewer weighs between 4 and 8 pounds and stands up to 8.5 inches in height at the withers. The Biewer is a small-breed dog and requires a high-quality dog-food diet that is specifically formulated for small-breed dogs. Commercial small-breed dog formulas are specially designed to meet the high-energy needs of small, active dogs like the Biewer.
An Easier Adjustment to A New Home: Prior to picking up the puppy, new owners are encouraged to inquire regarding the brand and type of food currently being consumed by the puppy, so that the same food can be provided at the new home—thus, decreasing the stress on the new puppy. Maintaining a very similar feeding schedule, in terms of times of the day and number of feedings per day, will also not only decrease stress, but also reduce gastrointestinal distress.
After the initial settling-in period, the new owner can decide whether or not to change the puppy’s diet. It should be noted that the nutritional needs (and calories) of a puppy are different from that of an adult dog. In general, the recommendation is for puppies to be fed three times per day and for adults to be fed twice per day.
The number of feedings per day changes as your puppy gets older:
Paw Bullet-C2 to 3 months old:4 times a day
Paw Bullet-C3 to 6 months old:3 times a day
Paw Bullet-C6 to 12 months old:2 times a day
Paw Bullet-CAfter 12 months old:1 - 2 times a day
The Biewer reaches approximately 90% of its adult weight by 6 – 7 months of age. In general, at approximately 90% of its adult weight, a dog is considered an “adult” in terms of feeding purposes. Therefore, once puppies have reached 90% of their expected adult weight, they should switch from a growth diet to one that’s more suitable for maintenance.
Any time food is changed, the following are the change-over guidelines:
Paw Bullet-C75% old food mixed with 25% new food for a few days,
Paw Bullet-C50% old food mixed with 50% new food for another few days,
Paw Bullet-C25% old food mixed with 75% new food before changing to 100% new food.


In the dog-food arena, the greatest division is between the raw-food diets versus the more conventional dry- or wet-food diets. Both types are commercially available (as well as able to be homemade). Although the raw-food diet is more controversial, it is superior in terms of its nutritional content (refer to DogFoodAdvisor Raw Dog Food Overview). Raw-food diets are also referred to as BARF diets: Biologically Appropriate Raw Food.

A homemade diet can provide complete nutrition, but ensuring that there is the right mix of protein, fats, minerals, and vitamins can be difficult; therefore, it is advisable to consult a nutritionist certified by the American College of Veterinary Nutrition in order to design a healthy homemade diet. (Those seeking more information regarding raw-food diets are referred to the DogFoodAdvisor’s “5-Star Raw Dog Foods”.)

Given that commercially available dry and canned/wet dog-food diets are less controversial, less costly, and more widely approved by veterinarians, it is anticipated that most new-puppy owners will opt to select a product from among those available in this category. The following table provides links to the DogFoodAdvisor website for “4-Star Dry Dog Foods” and “5-Star Dry Dog Foods,” as well as for “4-Star Wet Dog Foods” and “5-Star Wet Dog Foods.”
  4-Star Dog Foods &
5-Star Dog Foods:
Dry & Wet/Canned Products
Wet (not grain-free)Wet-Canned Dog Food
Dry (not grain-free) Dry Dog Food

Grain-free also has become an ever-increasing preference (although it is less easily found on the website); the brands at the following links contain at least one grain-free Wet product (rated at 4 Stars or above) or one grain-free Dry product (rated at 4 Stars or above). Please Note: Grain-free diets are easier on the digestive system; therefore, many breeders strongly support this type of diet.
 4-Star and above Dog Foods:
Grain-Free Brands
Grain-Free: WetGrain-Free Dog Food
Grain-Free: DryGrain-Free Dog Food

Cost comparisons are a bit tricky: The cost of 10 pounds of dog food from one manufacturer may not directly compare to the cost of an alternate 10 pounds of dog food since the kilocalories (kcals) per cup may vary between manufacturers or even between products offered by the same manufacturer. For example, one 10-pound bag of dry dog food may appear to be more expensive than a second bag; but if the first bag’s kcals per cup exceed the kcals per cup of the second bag, the first bag may be less expensive in the long run. The kcals are the calories converted into the metabolizable energy necessary to increase, maintain, or decrease the specified weight of the dog. DogFoodAdvisor offers a useful calculator for comparing different dog foods based on the dog’s current or ideal weight, activity level, and the kcals per cup of food: DogFoodAdvisor’s Dog-Food Calculator.

There is nothing wrong with snacks or treats—in moderation. Treats and snacks should make up only 10% or less of a dog’s daily calories. For an estimate of the number of treats that may be, ask your vet. The vet can make a recommendation based on the treats liked by the dog, the dog’s weight, and the activity level of the dog. But dogs love treats. And people love giving their dog treats. It’s a way to bond with your pet, and that’s a good thing.
It’s not that the dog cannot be given treats—treats just need to be given one at a time.
Try Veggies—Try skipping the store-bought snacks that are high in fat, sugar, and often preservatives, and instead offer your dog some vegetables. Give a baby carrot, a green bean, some broccoli. These vegetables have virtually no calories, and dogs don’t care if you’re not giving them something meaty and fatty. They just want you to give them something. Dogs are open to all foods, potentially. So vegetables can be a great snack option for your dog.
Try Fruits—Banana slices, berries, and both watermelon and apple slices (without seeds, of course) are all great choices. Steer clear of grapes, raisins, onions, chocolate, and anything with caffeine since these items can be toxic to dogs.
Other snacks that can work well as low-calorie dog treats are air-popped popcorn without salt or butter, and plain rice cakes broken into little pieces.
Remember: The small-breed dogs often have delicate digestive systems; so, try the previous suggestions and avoid giving table scraps as snacks—we need to ensure that the small-breed puppy consumes the necessary balance of protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals he or she needs in order to grow and be healthy.

When it comes to your dog’s nutrition, water is even more important than protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. A dog’s body naturally loses water all day—when sweating through his or her paws and when panting. Additional water is lost through peeing and pooping.
A dog that loses too much water can get very sick and even die—and the loss of just 10% to 15% of the water in his or her body is too much. So that water that is being lost throughout the day needs to be replaced.
How Much Water Is Enough? A good rule of thumb is to ensure your dog drinks at least 1 ounce of water daily for each pound he or she weighs. That means an 8-pound dog needs at least 8 ounces of water every day. That’s at least 1 cup or as much as in some bottles of water or a can of soda.
To help you keep track of how much water your dog drinks, make a note of how high you fill the water bowl and how far the level has dropped by the same time the next day.
Keep Plenty of Water Available
Leave the water bowl where your dog can get to it easily. Since dogs can knock over the bowl while they’re drinking, use a bowl that is constructed to not tip and spill.
Clean the bowl daily.
Refill the water bowl often so the water supply stays fresh.
Whenever you and your dog are playing outdoors—especially when it’s hot—bring cool water and a bowl along so the dog can drink. If your dog stays outside on hot days, add ice to the water bowl.
Some dogs are happy to drink from the toilet. But that isn’t a clean source of water! Keep the toilet lid closed so your dog stays out.


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Kathy Scott
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