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Puppy Information—continued
ACTIVITY REQUIREMENTS Toy breeds don’t need a whole lot of room to run, but even apartment-living Biewers should be walked regularly to avoid becoming overweight. In a fenced-in yard, they will run and play with children, but should never be left off-leash because they tend to chase after just about anything that catches their eye—even cars. Biewers are an active breed, but can obtain most of their exercise needs by a daily walk, a romp around the yard, and indoor bouts with a playful zeal. They tend to follow you from room to room, so some of the exercise can be met in this way also. If the dog does not get enough exercise to meet his or her needs, you are likely to see some behavioral problems forming such as chewing, barking, or worse. Some have even been known to pace like a lion in a zoo cage.

BEHAVIORAL TRAITS The Biewer does well with children and other animals, and bonds closely with his or her people. They are great with children, gentle and playful. However, the Biewer’s small size places him or her at risk around small children who have not been properly trained to handle such a small dog. They do best in households with older children, couples, and singles. These are playful, mischievous little dogs who can be pushy. Despite their small stature, they are sturdy, active, and alert, but are not known to be yappy barkers. Biewers are tiny, but their bark is shrill enough to provide an adequate watchdog service if owners socialize them, teach some basic manners, and refuse to allow these adorable dogs to take over the house.

Fear StressAlthough Biewers can get along swimingly with larger dogs, they should be socialized as early as possible to learn to accept new people and situations. They can be wary of strangers and once fearless little Biewers posture, it is difficult to talk them down. This dog is fearless and won’t back down from a fight. While they may seem timid and even shake when startled, they absolutely will bite. Biewers love children, but children should always be taught not to startle a dog, and new dogs should be introduced to Biewers with caution. Owners need to be aware of a Biewer’s desire to lead the pack and suppress this before it gets out of hand. If this happens, the dog can be yappy, aggressive, and even suspicious—all the signs of “Small Dog Syndrome.” Biewers are smart and can be trained if you find a way around their willful side.
Even though they are a terrier breed, they do not display the terrier tendencies such as a strong prey drive or fierce digging tendency. Although the possibility of chasing prey and digging cannot be completely ruled-out, they are more gentle, homebodies that prefer the company of humans to the chasing of every rodent whose scent they catch.

Content PuppyAs is true for most dogs, it is recommended that new puppies begin socialization and training as early as possible.
Biewers share with Yorkshire Terriers the trait of being willful little creatures. They can be taught, but they will do it on their own time, and once they realize tricks get them attention, they will be eager to learn more. Training should involve lots and lots of positive reinforcement (they love to be the star) and treats. Harsh handling of a Biewer can cause them to avoid behaviors all together.

Puppy Training: Tips for Success with Home Training
Bringing home your puppy is fun and exciting. It’s also the perfect time to start training. The following tips may help get things off to a good start.
Paw Bullet-CSet up a good schedule, then stick to it. Even on weekends, the puppy needs to wake, eat, and sleep at almost the same time each and every day.
Paw Bullet-CThe puppy should be fed at least 3 times per day; and, the puppy should be taken outside often, especially during housebreaking. An average number of times per day to be taken outside is at least 7, starting with first when the puppy wakes up.
Paw Bullet-CBe consistent and patient. Most likely, it will take a few days to get on track.
Paw Bullet-CTeach the new puppy the rules. When he or she is first brought home, the puppy will not know any of the rules. It is the new owner’s job to show him what to do and what not to do. Is it okay to sit on the furniture? How about overturning the garbage can? The rules need to be very clear and consistent.
Paw Bullet-CTeach the puppy to sit, stay, and come when called, and how to walk on a leash without pulling. Say things like "good boy" or "good girl" when the puppy does what you want him or her to do.
Paw Bullet-CPraise good behavior. For example, if he waits at the curb instead of running into the street, reinforce the good behavior with a quick "yes" or "good" at the exact moment he or she performs the wanted behavior.
Paw Bullet-CSet up a reward system. Reward behaviors that are desired. Do not reward behaviors that are nondesirable. Always use immediate consequences.
Paw Bullet-CRewards can be simple, such as a doggie treat or a good belly rub. Treats also may be special, such as playtime with doggie pals or a game of fetch. To teach the puppy not to do something, ignore the puppy or take away things he or she likes. For example, if the puppy jumps up on you when wanting to play, show him or her that it is not okay by turning away. When he sits down, shower him with attention.
Paw Bullet-CWard off biting. Many puppies try to play with their new owner’s hands and feet in the same way they played with their littermates—with mouthing and biting. Since the puppy has to be taught that this is not okay, he or she should not be allowed any type of biting or nibbling on people—even during play.

HOUSETRAINING Experts recommend that you begin house training your puppy between the ages of 12 weeks and 16 weeks old. At that point, the puppy has enough control of bladder and bowel movements to learn to hold it. If the puppy is older than 12 weeks and has been eliminating in a cage, housetraining may take longer; the puppy’s behavior will need to be reshaped with encouragement and reward.
Housetraining a puppy is about consistency, patience, and positive reinforcement. The goal is to instill good habits and build a loving bond with your pet. It typically takes 4 - 6 months for a puppy to be fully housetrained, but some puppies may take up to a year. Size can be a predictor. For instance, smaller breeds have smaller bladders and higher metabolisms; they require more frequent trips outside. The puppy’s previous living conditions are another predictor. You may find that you need to help your puppy break old habits in order to establish more desirable ones. During training, there will be setbacks; these are normal and should not be of concern: As long as training continues according to the established program and the puppy is taken outside at the first sign that he or she needs to go outside, the puppy will eventually learn. The following steps have been adapted from WebMd’s "Health Pets" guide.
Puppy Housetraining Steps
Experts recommend confining the puppy to a defined space, whether that means in a crate, in a room, or on a leash. As the puppy learns that he or she needs to go outside, you can gradually give the puppy more freedom to roam about the house. When you start to house train, follow these steps:
Paw Bullet-CKeep the puppy on a regular feeding schedule and take away food between meals.
Paw Bullet-C Take puppy out to eliminate first thing in the morning and then once every 30 minutes to an hour. Also, always take the puppy outside after meals or when the puppy wakes from a nap. Make sure the puppy goes out last thing at night and before leaving the puppy alone.
Paw Bullet-C Take puppy to the same spot each time when going outside. His scent will prompt him to go.
Paw Bullet-C Stay with the puppy outside, at least until the puppy is housetrained.
Paw Bullet-C When your puppy eliminates outside, praise him or her or give a treat. A walk around the neighborhood is a nice reward.
Whining, circling, sniffing, barking, or, if your puppy is unconfined, barking or scratching at the door, are all signs he needs to go. Take him out right away.
Housetraining Setbacks
Accidents are common in puppies up to a year old. The reasons for accidents range from incomplete housetraining to a change in the puppy’s environment. When the puppy does have an accident, keep on training. Then if it still doesn’t seem to be working, consult a veterinarian to rule out a medical issue.
Do’s and Don’ts in Puppy Housetraining
Keep the following do’s and don’ts in mind during puppy housetraining:
Paw Bullet-CPunishing your puppy for having an accident is a definite no-no. It teaches your puppy to fear you.
Paw Bullet-CIf you catch your puppy in the act, clap loudly so he knows he’s done something unacceptable. Then take him outside by calling him or taking him gently by the collar. When he’s finished, praise him or give him a small treat.
Paw Bullet-CIf you found the evidence but didn’t see the act, don’t react angrily by yelling or rubbing his nose in it. Puppies aren’t intellectually capable of connecting your anger with their accident.
Paw Bullet-CStaying outside longer with puppy may help to curb accidents. He may need the extra time to explore.
Paw Bullet-CClean up accidents with an enzymatic cleanser rather than an ammonia-based cleaner to minimize odors that might attract the puppy back to the same spot.
Alternative Housetraining Methods
Many people prefer to train puppies to an indoor system prior to working on the puppy going outside. The most recommended system is the UgoDog Indoor Potty System. Dogsaholic presents a recent overview of UgoDog, as well as a few other systems in their October 2015 article "Best Indoor Dog Potty: A Review of the Best Indoor Dog Potty Designs." The PetsLady team offers a September 2015 review in their article "5 Indoor Doggy Potty Solutions That Will Free You From The Leash." Dogsized’s review is older (January 2015), but offers tips on supplies and other useful information; their article is "Indoor Dog Potty – when it’s inconvenient to “go” outside."
UgoDog offers specific housetraining information along with its system, which we have included here, within the Puppy Information area.


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Kathy Scott
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